dearJulius.com

$type=carousel$c=12$cols=4$m=0$s=0$rm=0$show=home

The Pyramid Of Djoser, Egypt's Oldest Pyramid, Restored To Its Former Glory

After an extensive 14-year, $6.6 million restoration, Egypt's oldest pyramid was reopened to the public on March 5, 2020.

© Berthold Werner / CC BY -SA 3.0  Creativecommons.org  The 4,700-year-old Pyramid of Djoser took 14 years to restore

By Julia Hettiger, DOGO News

After an extensive 14-year, $6.6 million restoration, Egypt's oldest pyramid was reopened to the public on March 5, 2020.  Located in the  Saqqara necropolis, northwest of the city of Memphis, the Pyramid of Djoser was built 4,700 years ago as a tomb for Pharaoh Djoser, the first king of the 3rd dynasty (2650–2575 BCE).  The massive pyramidal funerary complex was neglected for centuries and almost on the verge of collapse before Egyptian officials finally decided to take action in 2006 and bring it back to its former glory.

© Jon Bodsworth /Copyrighted free use  A limestone statue of Pharaoh Djoser sits in a chamber of the massive Djoser complex

Also known as the Step Pyramid, the structure is considered a milestone in the evolution of monumental stone architecture.  Designed by the pharaoh's vizier (minister), Imhotep, the majestic 204-feet (62-meters) pyramid was the tallest structure of its time and the first built largely from limestone. More importantly, it was the first royal tomb of its kind.

Prior to this, kings were buried in mastaba tombs — large rectangular structures with slanted roofs built out of dried clay that rose at most  20 feet (6 meters) high. However, Imhotep, often regarded as the world's first architect, wanted a more impressive tomb for his pharaoh. He came up with the idea of creating a "gateway to heaven" by stacking six mastabas atop one another, each with a level smaller than the one beneath, to form the rectangular pyramid shape.

© MONNIER Franck / CC BY-SA 3.0 /Creativecommons.org  Aerial view of Pharaoh Djoser's funerary complex

Similar to the mastaba tombs, the pharaoh's burial chambers lay beneath the pyramid. However, the intricate underground structure was like none other ever encountered. It comprised a 3.5-mile (5.7-kilometer) maze of tunnels and shafts, many leading to dead-end rooms, to thwart tomb robbers. Djoser's granite-carved burial chamber, which lay in the center, was accessible after navigating through narrow corridors filled with thousands of stone vessels inscribed with the names of earlier kings. While some of the chambers were reserved for members of the royal family, most were designed to house the symbolic grave goods required for the pharaoh's afterlife.

The pyramid was surrounded by a sprawling 40-acre (16-hectare) complex that included a temple, courtyards, shrines, and living quarters for the priests. It was encompassed by a recessed 30-foot (10.5-meters) high wall, with 13 fake doorways to keep unwanted guests out and just one real entrance at its south side.

© Morburre / CC BY-SA 3.0/ Creativecommons.org  The Famine Stela inscription outlined Pharoah Djoser's feat that ended Egypt's famine

Little is known about Djoser, for whom this princely tomb was built. Some scholars believe he ruled for 20 years, while others argue his reign lasted more than three decades.  Famine Stela, a granite-etched inscription created in 250 BC, credits the king for ending a seven-year famine in Egypt by rebuilding a temple to Khnum, the god of the source of the Nile. In return, the deity caused the dried-up river to flood, providing much-needed moisture for crops.

See more at DOGO News




|Featured Content_$type=three$c=3$l=0$m=0$s=hide$rm=0

Name

Animals,51,Featured,6,Features,1,Fun,67,Halloween,1,People & Places,125,Science & Tech,107,Sports,27,Top Stories,1,Video,5,
ltr
item
Kids Magazine: The Pyramid Of Djoser, Egypt's Oldest Pyramid, Restored To Its Former Glory
The Pyramid Of Djoser, Egypt's Oldest Pyramid, Restored To Its Former Glory
After an extensive 14-year, $6.6 million restoration, Egypt's oldest pyramid was reopened to the public on March 5, 2020.
https://1.bp.blogspot.com/-ODhyGidQKzs/XpHC3PZiglI/AAAAAAAAAeM/vxepTd1oSVY_v7PQBcSF-BuVjsfcGoWygCLcBGAsYHQ/s1600/p1.jpg
https://1.bp.blogspot.com/-ODhyGidQKzs/XpHC3PZiglI/AAAAAAAAAeM/vxepTd1oSVY_v7PQBcSF-BuVjsfcGoWygCLcBGAsYHQ/s72-c/p1.jpg
Kids Magazine
https://kids.dearjulius.com/2020/04/the-pyramid-of-djoser-egypts-oldest-pyramid-restored-to-its-former-glory.html
https://kids.dearjulius.com/
https://kids.dearjulius.com/
https://kids.dearjulius.com/2020/04/the-pyramid-of-djoser-egypts-oldest-pyramid-restored-to-its-former-glory.html
true
6046647904154123973
UTF-8
Loaded All Posts Not found any posts VIEW ALL Read More Reply Cancel reply Delete By Home PAGES POSTS View All RECOMMENDED FOR YOU LABEL ARCHIVE SEARCH ALL POSTS Not found any post match with your request Back Home Sunday Monday Tuesday Wednesday Thursday Friday Saturday Sun Mon Tue Wed Thu Fri Sat January February March April May June July August September October November December Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec just now 1 minute ago $$1$$ minutes ago 1 hour ago $$1$$ hours ago Yesterday $$1$$ days ago $$1$$ weeks ago more than 5 weeks ago Followers Follow THIS PREMIUM CONTENT IS LOCKED STEP 1: Share. STEP 2: Click the link you shared to unlock Copy All Code Select All Code All codes were copied to your clipboard Can not copy the codes / texts, please press [CTRL]+[C] (or CMD+C with Mac) to copy